• Samad Said - Janda Setinggan

    Katanya: Derita itu aku. Dirinya cemas diterjah usia dalam kabus belasungkawa, dia tergigau hampir seminggu diancam lipan, angin dan debu yang sama. Desa bahagia, derita.

  • Samad Said - Nikmat

    Segala yang dihasrat, tapi tak didapat adalah nikmat yang paling padat.

  • Samad Said - Ombak

    Ombak yang menjamah kakiku sekali takkan dapat kukenali lagi..

  • Samad Said - Bahasa Terindah

    Sesudah demikian lama dicintai, sukarlah dilupakan. Inti pengalaman, kepedihan; akar kerinduan keresahan… Memang begitu banyak diperlukan kekuatan, kepangkalan batin, rakit ditambatkan bara kenangan dikuatkan .

  • Samad Said - Tetamu Senja

    Kita datang ini satu roh satu jasad, Bila pulang nanti bawa bakti padat berkat, Kita datang ini satu roh satu jasad Bila pulang nanti bawa bakti padat berkat .

Puisi - Bisik Biola Mu

suara temalimu gemanya sapa ke hati
aku rebah menyuguh mimpi
pada rebana yang merembat lagu
suara apa yang menyentuh jiwa
lalu sepiku jadi bisu
pada setiap kalam yang hilang

aku
masih mengutip suara nyanyian cengkerik
bicaranya yang meluyut ke dasar
biar sentuh tumit rindu
kucicip jua serbat cinta
biar seribu musim melamar harap
gebar mimpi takkan kubiar tercarik
dalam rebah malam
yang terluka

petikkan aku temali violamu
biar lena diulit cerita asmara
aku takkan rentap kenangan silam
sejarahnya sudah kulakar pada kaki senja
biar malam menutup jendela
langsirnya kubiar terselak
menanti kau jenguk ke dadaku
hati yang tetap bersuara setia

~Dyza Ainon~
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World Wetland Day Celebration 2014, Kg Dato Hormat

Mangroves are almost as important to fishermen as the sea itself. Without their protective ecosystem, there are no breeding grounds for various species of fish and crab that habitually take refuge in the forest. Clams and cockles abound in its muddy beds. Extended further inland, mangrove forests are fortresses that protect us from roiling seas and tsunamis.

As we strive for development and industry, businesses do eventually encroach into mangrove lands. In Malaysia, large tracts of mangroves have been cleared for prawn farming and agriculture. Some, like the area in Kg Dato’ Hormat, were found to be unproductive and abandoned.

To restore this disturbed area into the important resource it was, the community of Kg Dato’ Hormat have committed to rehabilitate the damaged mangrove zone in their village. The project is jointly implemented with the Global Environment Centre (GEC) and Sabak Bernam District Office funded by the Global Environment Fund – Small Grants Programme (GEF-SGP).

The Sabak Bernam District level celebration of the World Wetlands Day 2014 will be hosting on 22nd February 2014 at Kg. Dato Hormat, is a collaborative effort by the Global Environment Centre (GEC), Sabak Bernam District Office, Sabak Bernam Drainage and Irrigation Depertment, Sabak Berban District Council, Selangor Water Management Authority and Selangor Forestry Department. The event will financially supported by the GEF-SGP Project, and 99 Speedmart Sdn Bhd.

During the event  the Global Environment Centre  will launch a community group called “ACTION COMMITTEE ON SHORELINE SOIL EROSION OF BERNAM RIVER” or   “JAWATANKUASA BERTINDAK HAKISAN TANAH PERSISIR SUNGAI BERNAM, KG. DATO’ HORMAT”. This community group would be responsible for the rehabilitation, protection and management of the mangrove on behalf of the respective government agencies. It also will enhance and create awareness amongst the fellow communities and public on the consequences of degradation, rehabilitation and protection of the riverine and mangrove.

During this event, participants will have the opportunity to experience hands-on mangrove rehabilitation and explore the importance of the Bernam riverine forest to the ecosystem and its surrounding environment. This celebration would be a platform to connect diverse mangroves ecosystems and current environmental issues; especially Climate Change (Global Warming). The programmes and activities held on this day would create awareness among participants on the significance of mangroves in a sustainable ecosystem.

To address these generic problems nationwide with regard to mangrove conservation and restoration, environmental and social NGOs/CBOs have been involved in the discussion of the National Coastal Replanting Committee since 2005. One of the initiatives that were identified to be explored further by the national task force was the formation on community focus groups called “Jawatankuasa Bertindak Hakisan Tanah Persisir Sungai Bernam, Kg. Dato’ Hormat” or literally Action Committee on Shoreline Soil Erosion of Bernam River, Kg. Dato’ Hormat. The Action Committee’s consists of members of the local communities who would be responsible for the rehabilitation, protection and management of the mangrove on behalf of the respective government agencies. 

World Wetlands Day is celebrated globally in February each year, to mark the adoption of the Convention on Wetlands on 2 February 1971, in the city of Ramsar, Iran. As year 2014 is the UN International Year of Family Farming, the Ramsar Convention has chosen Wetland & Agriculture as the World Wetlands Day 2014 theme.The slogan for World Wetlands Day 2014 is Wetlands and Agriculture : Partners for Growth,  placing a focus on the need for the wetland and agricultural sectors to work together for the best shared outcomes.

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Protecting the Integrity of Kuala Gula Mangrove Forest

INTRODUCTION

The mangroves forests within the State of Perak are distributed between the four coastal districts, namely Hilir Perak, Manjung, Larut Matang and Kerian. A large expanse of the mangrove, approximately 40,711 ha, is found in the Larut Matang District, which constitutes 19 forest reserves stretching from Kuala Gula in the north to Panchor in the south. The reserves include 34,769 ha of productive forest and 5,942 ha of non-productive forest. Some 95% of the mangroves are tidal swamps dominated by Rhizophora spp, with considerable local variation in quality. The area is of great economic importance for forestry and fisheries production. The mangroves and tidal flats around Kuala Gula in Kerian District are very important for local communities as they support very important coastal fisheries. There area is also of key importance for resident and migratory birds and other wildlife. Some portions of the area are a world re-known site as stopover area for migratory birds during the northern winter months and the area has been designated as an internationally Important Bird Area (IBA). Due to the number of birds been observed at this area,

Jabatan PERHILITAN has setup a ranger office here to do enforcement and also research. About 50 years ago a portion of the coastal mangroves at Teluk Rubiah just north of Kuala Gula was converted for a new village protected by a coastal bund. However due to erosion the bund was breached and the village was abandoned with most of the population moving to Tanjung Piandang to the North. This abandoned area is inundated daily by the tides and forms a key coastal habitat for mangroves, wildlife and fisheries. Currently, this area is heavily utilized by the local community as a fishing ground and/or tourism activities.

COMMUNITY REHABILITATION PROGRAMME

GEC and Perak Forestry Department supported the establishment of Sahabat Hutan Bakau (SHB) Kuala Gula in late 2006 to spearhead local mangroves rehabilitation actions. Seed grant was contributed by YBhg Tan Sri Razali Ismail to initiate consultations and dialogues with local community members in Kuala Gula in 2006. Since July 2007, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MNRE) has been partly supporting the SHB programme through the national programme on mangrove rehabilitation. SHB currently comprised of 40 members mainly fishermen and women who are committed to support the rehabilitation of mangroves forest in their village area. The programme aims to support empowerment of local communities towards rehabilitation of a mangrove forests ecosystem which can lead to both improved livelihood and welfare of the local communities and at the same time can protect and enhance the surrounding environment. Awareness and education on the functions and values of mangrove ecosystem among key stakeholders also need to be implemented to support sustainable resource management.

SHB members are actively involved in the nursery maintenance and mangrove planting activities. To date their nursery has a holding capacity of 30,000 seedlings and can produce on average 1,000 seedlings in one month for planting purposes. From 2007- 2013, SHB through its on-going public education activities has produced about 100,000 seedlings and planted them in an area more than 40 distributed in a larger area of 500 area at Kuala Gula including the abandoned village area and adjacent lands.. No less than 160 different groups have been involved with SHB mangrove replanting programme with total number of participants reaching nearly 10,000 people; mainly including schools and higher learning institutions, but also includes other community/ environmental groups like Fishermen Association and Eco-Warriors.

‘REHABILITATION SITE’ LAND STATUS

The land status of the current rehabilitation sites by SHB Kuala Gula is an issue of concern as some parties have previously expressed their interest to develop the area. Discussion with the Kerian District Office was initiated in year 2009 in order to clarify the land status. Discussions at ththis time with thhe district office indicated that most of the titles of the formal village were considered to have lapsed and no longer be valid. This concern was also raised during the National Mangrove Technical Meeting to seek further assistance in securing the rehabilitation site. An official letter was sent to the District Office (on 22nd August 2009) to propose the rehabilitation site as a buffer zone to protect the coast of the Kerian District (Annex. 3). Perak State Forest department has expressed their willingness to provide assistance in resolving the land issue. In September 2013 a meeting of the National mangrove technical committee was held in Perak and a site visit was made to Kuala Gula. At this time it was again proposed that better protection be provided to the protected mangroves. Subsequently the Perak State Secretary, Deputy State forestry Director and District officer visited the site and agreed to the gazettement of a new Forest Reserve to include the mangrove area that has been planted. This new forest reserve is in the final stages of gazettement.

CLEARANCE OF MANGROVES IN FEBRUARY 2014

Recently, a company called Sejati Manis Sdn Bhd (SMSB) has started work on a portion of the mangrove forest to which they claimed to have ownership, to be converted into shrimp ponds. The company claims to own 100ha of mangrove land in 38 lots and plans to convert all of this to prawn ponds. According to Sahabat Hutan Bakau members, this company has started work on 3rd February 2014 to clear the land and has only stopped on 10th February following protests by the local community, an article in Sinar Harian (local newspaper), and visits by various government Agencies, NGOs and others. The chronology of the events is as Table 1.

On 6th February, three Global Environment Centre (GEC) personnel, accompanied by a Forest Ranger from Jabatan Perhutanan Negeri Perak (JPNP) and two Sahabat Hutan Bakau’s members have visited the area. Photos from site visit can be seen in Annex 1. Based on measurements at the time of the visit, the area of mangrove cleared up till 6 February is approximately 2.28 ha in size. The coordinates of the cleared area are;

1. Lat : 4°57'19.55"N Long: 100°26'3.33"E ;
2. Lat: 4°57'20.09"N Long: 100°25'56.64"E ;
3. Lat: 4°57'23.41"N Long: 100°25'58.47"E

The location of the encroachment activities is within SHB mangrove tree planting activities site and about than 50m from tree seedlings planted by Y.Bhg. Dato’ Prof. Dr Hj Abdul Rahman bin Hj Abdul Rahim, The Director General of Forest Department Peninsular Malaysia (FDPM) in September 2013. It is a concern that if this encroachment is not stopped, it will get to the seedlings planted by Y.Bhg. Dato’ as well as other extensive replanted mangrove areas. The cleared area itself, as can be seen in photos in Annex 1 below, is also one of the many planting sites managed by SHB.

At the same time, Perak State Forest Department (PSFD) is in a process of gazetting a portion of the area are as a forest reserve to enable the area will get a better protection under National Forestry Act, 1984. The area which is currently cleared by this company is in the area formerly occupied by the village in Teluk Rubiah which was abandoned due to the natural erosion of the man-made bund.. The village was abandoned for more than 30 years and it is understood that the previous land titles have been revoked. It is suspected that whatever land title claimed by the company is based on this revoked title. The district office and state government has been supporting the local community efforts to rehabilitate the mangroves in the village area and more than 100,000 seedlings have been planted since 2007, in an area of about 300 ha with the participation of more than 10,000 people. In addition mangrove regeneration has been encouraged and the new mangrove forests protected.

POTENTIAL LONGER TERM IMPACTS

Although the company SMSB has stopped its operations for now – it is likely that it will try to continue its efforts to clear the mangroves in this area and develop aquaculture ponds. If this is allowed to happen the main impacts are likely to include:
  • Loss of significant areas of mature and regenerating mangrove forests
  • Loss of critical coastal habitat of international importance for migratory birds and resident protected bird, mammal and reptile species.
  • Loss of value of the area for ecotourism (Kuala Gula is one of the 10 designated ecotourism sites in Perak State)
  • Destruction of natural tidal habitat and fishery habitat
  • Loss of income from the many fishermen (especially the poorer inshore fishermen) that harvest large amounts of fish, prawns and crabs in this habitat.

Disruption of coastal protection function of the mangroves increasing the chance of coastal erosion and damage to the coastal bund protecting inland plantations operated by Sime Darby Plantations Sdn Bhd and other companies.

In addition to the potential losses of current values for the site – the other justification for not permitting aquaculture development at the site is as follows:
The proposed project size is according to the project proponent more than 100 ha. Any development of Land-based aquaculture projects accompanied by clearing of mangrove swamp forests covering an area of 50 hectares or more requires a mandatory EIA study. It is clear from the proposed project size as stated by the proponent is larger than 50 ha and so an environmental impact assessment is mandatory. 

The proponent has started work to initiate the aquaculture project without having prepared an EIA and so is guilty of an offence. 

The claim to ownership of the area is apparently based on former land titles for an abandoned village which has been covered by the sea for 30 years. These former titles are no longer valid/have been extinguished according to the District office. 

The former titles were for agriculture crops on village land. A change in land use would be required for these areas to be converted to aquaculture ponds. It is understood that there was no request for a change in land use. 

The mangroves are in a region which has been subject to serious coastal erosion in the past with significant areas to the north negatively impacted by coastal erosion especially after mangroves are cleared for aquaculture ponds. Allowing the development will increase coastal erosion risk. 

The Forestry department id in the process to gazette a forest reserve to protect the mangroves which are being cleared.

PROPOSED ACTIONS

It is recommended that the relevant government authorities ( including Forestry Department, Fishery Department, Department of the Environment and State and District Land Office) review the matter and clarify the legality of the proposed development and cancel any permissions or approvals that may have erroneously been given.

The respective state departments should expedite to provision of protected status to the area – either as Forest reserve, wildlife sanctuary or other appropriate status.
Further support should be provided to the SHB and local community in Kuala Gula to support their work to protect and rehabilitate mangrove resources.

ACKNOWLEDGMENS

Thanks are provided to the following for their assistance with the work in preparing the report and assessing the related issues:
Department of the Environment
Forestry Department of Peninsular Malaysia
Kerian Land and District office
Perak State Forestry Department
Sahabat Hutan Bakau (SHB), Kuala Gula
Sime Darby Plantations Sdn Bhd

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Anugerah Dendam Yang Terindah

Terkesima dengan sebuah tajuk "Anugerah Dendam Yang Terindah", lalu aku memutuskan untuk menulis lebih lanjut berkaitan khusus buat diri yang selalu alpa.

Bila berkata tentang sakit, maka pastinya memikirkan penyakit-penyakit yang dapat dilihat kesakitannya. Kita lebih memahami kesakitan yang dialami oleh orang yang patah tangannya dari mereka yang mengalami serangan jantung.

Acapkali kita lebih kasihan kepada mereka yang luka di kepala dari mereka yang menggigil menahan kesakitan migrain. Justeru, manusia sememangnya lebih mudah memahami apa yang dilihatnya dari apa yang tersirat di sebalik pandangan mata kasar.

Jika kita katakan pula tentang sakit yang tidak nampak oleh mata kasar, maka secara mudahnya kita mengatakan ia adalah penyakit ghaib. Ghaib kerana kita tidak melihatnya namun seandainya kita sudah melihatnya maka hilanglah keghaiban tersebut.

Kanser misalnya, boleh kita katakan penyakit ghaib kerana tidak nampak oleh mata kasar, tetapi apabila zaman semakin moden serta banyak kelengkapan perubatan yang canggih, kanser cukup mudah dikesan dan tiada lagi istilah keghaiban padanya.

Oleh yang demikian, penyakit yang kita katakan ghaib belum tentu ghaib secara hakiki, namun ada juga penyakit yang benar-benar ghaib. Ghaib kerana ia sukar untuk diterjemahkan oleh mata kasar mahupun kanta yang canggih. Penyakit ini dinamakan ‘penyakit hati’. Penyakit hati pula ada banyak jenis dan rupa, ia saling berkait, biar tidak serupa tetapi mudah cerita ianya datang dari baka yang sama, ibarat adik-beradik di dunia nyata.

Penyakit hati yang ingin diceritakan dalam penulisan ini adalah "Dendam Halus". Dendam merupakan suatu perasaan yang lahir daripada perasaan benci atau marah, seringkali dipendam secara rahsia oleh seseorang individu. 

Dendam juga boleh lahir daripada hasrat dengki atau ketidakpuasan hati. Apa pula yang dimaksudkan dengan ‘dendam halus’?

Ketika kita memandang seseorang walaupun kelihatannya seperti baik, tetapi ianya penuh dengan nafas dendam. Kita kata kita sentiasa ingat pada Allah SWT, kita sayang pada Allah SWT, tetapi mengapa pula kita hidup dengan penuh dendam yang halus lagi merosakkan.

Ɛendam halus lagi merosakkan ini cukup kuat impaknya dalam hidup. Biar kita kelihatan tenang, biar kita sering beribadah, tetapi jiwa kita tidak pernah tenteram. Ketidaktenteraman itu terbit daripada rasa tidak puas hati kerana orang yang ktia marah dan benci masih belum menerima balasan yang kononnya setimpal dengan perbuatan mereka. Kita akhirnya mendahului keputusan Allah SWT dalam menghakimi mereka, sedangkan Allah lebih tahu apa yang sepatutnya.

Kita juga mula memutuskan silaturrahim dalam diam sedangkan kita amat tahu bahawa kita tidak boleh memutuskannya. Kita bersumpah tidak mahu bertemu dengan si polan misanya dan tanpa sedar ianya sudah memberi satu kejayaan yang tinggi nilainya kepada syaitan.

Semakin kita cuba hampir kepada Allah SWT, maka semakin haluslah permainan syaitan ini. Permainan emosi dan dendam adalah permainan yang nampaknya tidak memberi apa-apa impak terhadap hubungan kita dengan Allah. Namun hakikat sebenarnya kita sudah mula lebih memikirkan mereka yang kita marah, lebih dari memikirkan hubungan kita dengan Allah SWT. Kita katakan yang kita tidak berdendam tetapi tahukah kita, asalnya kita rasa marah dan ingin melihat pembalasan, itu sudah cukup untuk digelar dendam.
Dendam adalah salah satu jalan pemutus rasa cinta kita dengan Allah SWT. Apabila ada rasa dendam yang halus, kita sebenarnya akan cuba menjustifikasikan perbuatan kita, biarpun ia bertentangan dengan sifat si pencinta Tuhan.

Rasulullah SAW tidak sedikitpun menyimpan dendam kepada mereka yang menganiaya baginda. Mungkin ada yang kata, “Itu Nabi...” Makanya disebabkan itu nabi, kita perlu mengikut jalan hidup serta akhlak yang dipertontonkan kepada kita senandainya kita benar mahu mencintai Allah SWT. Selagi kita punya rasa tidak puas hati dan tidak mampu, kita jadikan dia sebagai satu elemen kasih sayang, maka selagi itu dia menjarakkan dirinya dengan Allah SWT yang maha mencintai.

Kita perlu hidup dalam keadaan kasih sayang biarpun kita dianiaya, biarpun kita difitnah mahupun dinista. Mencintai Allah SWT itu dengan rasa, maka dikurniakan rasa derita sebenar derita agar kepekaan rasa dapat dikupas tanpa kata-kata. Kata Ki Ageng Sabdo Sukma, "Luka hati adalah pembuka rasa, luka jiwa adalah kedekatan rasa, jika sudah merasa, datanglah cinta kepada yang Maha Esa."
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Puisi - Saat Sore Itu

Saat sore itu
Melepas pandang laut cina selatan
Rasa sejuk nyaman disapa angin masin
Buih-buih ombak menyentuh lembut jemari
Seakan terapi sangat menenangkan

Mata tertancap pada olengan sabut
Meliuk lintuk dibuai ombak kecil
Begitulah hidup tiada pernah berhenti berhayun
Mengikut rentak arus tenang dan air pasang

Melihat gulungan ombak menghempas pantai
Serasa gerun di tangkai hati
Bagai ada kuasa yang ingin ikut menarik
Tubuh karam  ditelan lautan

Mendongak melihat burung berterbangan
Sesekali turun menyambar ikan
Untung jika  ikan tersepit di hujung muncung
Gerhana jika hanya air laut menjadi santapan

Menoleh si ketam deret berjalan
Tangkas bersembunyi saat pantai dibanjir air
Seperti insan yang bijak memacu peluang
Agar bisa terus berjalan walaupun tempang

Saat sore itu
Tika cahaya jingga mula sirna
Burung berterbangan kembali ke sarang
Kelip-kelip lampu samar di tengah lautan
Diri terpaku melihat alam
Betapa agung kuasa yang Satu
Segala sesuatu siap terencana
Untuk hamba yang mahu bersyukur...
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